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Marlborough was the only region where over half (53.2 per cent) of the families were couples without children, which reflected the older age structure of people in these families in this region, Mr Meech said.
Countries Boost Incomes, Reduce Poverty with CapitalismNovember 4, 2014
From 1990 to 2011, the percent of the world's population living in extreme poverty fell from 36 percent down to 15 percent. Why? Douglas Irwin, economics professor at Dartmouth College, says the answer is simple: capitalism.
The drop in poverty over the last quarter-century is the greatest drop in poverty in world history, writes Irwin, and it is due to the fact that developing countries implemented business-friendly economic policies. He offers a few examples:
Capitalism, says Irwin, was given a bad reputation by Marxists who equated capitalism with the exploitation of workers. But Irwin says Adam Smith had the better description of capitalism -- a "commercial society" in which all men could participate in markets. The growth of that commercial society has brought great improvements across the globe -- while 811 million workers earned less than $1.25 per day in 1991, that number had dropped to 375 million in 2013.
- China took major steps in 1978 when it allowed private businesses and private agricultural plots while putting an end to the state's monopoly over foreign trade. Today, Chinese workers have much higher wages, and fewer of them are living in poverty.
- India began doing away with its government licensing system in 1991. The country had required state approval not only for people to start new businesses but to expand existing ones and purchase foreign goods and parts. Like China, the state has seen a resulting drop in poverty and a boost in wages.
- Tanzania has seen major growth after it did away with price controls and other socialist policies in the 1980s.
Source: Douglas A. Irwin, "The Ultimate Global Antipoverty Program," Wall Street Journal, November 3, 2014.
Describing hardship for childrenMaterial hardship means going without goods, services, and experiences that people can reasonably be expected to have. Statistics New Zealand, with the advice of the Ministry of Social Development, has provided an analysis of what this means using the New Zealand General Social Survey data. They identified eleven key indicators of vulnerability such as:•having a smoker or a victim of crime living in the house (both about 20%)•living in a high deprivation area (22%)•living in an overcrowded house (13%)•having a low socioeconomic rating on the ELSI scale•having more than one housing problem like damp, cost, cold, or inadequateheating (10%)•having limited access to facilities like shops, schools, libraries and medicalfacilities (9%).They assessed the six percent of children with five or more of these indicators as being at high risk of being in deprivation.